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THE HISTORY OF SHROUDS

Kinkaraco is a culturally and spiritually diverse company that cherishes the Death Rituals of Human Beings all over this Earth.Here is a brief collection of Burial practices and histories of peoples who incorporate BURIAL SHROUDS in their sacred practices as well as herbs and flowers .

What is a SHROUD?

Traditionally a shroud is a long piece of cloth, usually cotton or linen that is wrapped around a body after it has been ceremonially washed.

CHRISTIAN

Jesus Christ was buried in a shroud. "It was Preparation Day ... So as evening approached,Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent member of the Council, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, went boldly to Pilate and asked for Jesus' body ... With, Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away. He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about 75 pounds. Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs." (John 19:38-42.) "Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there. He rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb and went away." (Matthew 27:59,60; John 19:38-42.)

JEWISH

Jewish Shrouds are white and entirely hand-stitched. They are made without buttons, zippers, or fasteners. Tahrihim (the Hebrew term for Shrouds) come in muslin or linen, fabrics that recall the garments of the ancient Hebrew priesthood. There is little difference in appearance or cost between them; the funeral home may or may not offer a choice. Tahrihim come packaged in sets for men and women. Regardless of gender, they include shirt, pants, a head covering, and a belt. Men may also be wrapped in a kittel, a simple, white ceremonial jacket that some Jews wear on Yom Kippur, at the Passover seder, and under the wedding canopy.

MUSLIM

This religion has a very clear set of protocols for dealing with the deceased. The body must be placed on its sides and washed with warm water and soap, generally by a member of the same sex, with the final washing having scented water. There must be an odd number of washings (a trend against odd numbers is also visible in the Hindu faith), some of the stomach's contents must be pushed out, and the teeth and nose must be cleaned on the outside as a form of ablution (spiritual cleansing). Then the body is dried, perfumed, and wrapped in white cloth or SHROUD. Burial prayers are then said facing Mecca before a silent procession takes the corpse to its burial, where al the attendants share in filling the grave with soil and a second pit with bricks while saying additional prayers. The body is to buried soon after the prayer. The wrapped body is to be laid directly at the bottom of the dug grave on its right side facing the direction of Makkah. A ceiling is attached to the grave and then covered with dirt. A stone may be used to mark the location of the grave, but no writings are allowed. Buildings or other forms of structures are not allowed on top of the grave. Charity, fasting, prayers, and pilgrimage is often performed on behalf of the dead. Visiting the graves is recommended for the living to remember death and the day of judgment.

HINDU

HINDU FUNERAL TRADITIONS The Hindu belief in reincarnation provides the basis for its funeral rituals. Though these practices differ somewhat among social and economic groups, there is a common core of tradition.For married Hindus, men and women alike, cremation is the normal procedure for disposing of the body. There is no specific time element involved, but in most cases the rite takes place within a day of the death.Those who are unmarried may be buried.

Preparation of the body usually entails bathing, anointing with a mixture of water and sandalwood and daubing with turmeric powder and water. The body must be garbed with a new cloth or SHROUD. Flowers, incense and rose water enhance the bier.Priests, or Brahmans, chant ritual forms, called mantras, along with the family, and ritual offerings of rice and milk are made to the Brahmans. Soon the body is removed to the cremation grounds, usually on the banks of a river.By custom, the eldest son presides at the cremation in the company of a priest. The ashes are collected and deposited in one of India's holy rivers. For the next 10 days, family members are considered ritually impure and normally remain in the home. By the end of that time, the soul of the deceased is believed to have acquired a new body, and the consequences of the last life, its rewards and punishments, are unfolded.

ANCIENT EGYPTIANS

The bodies were treated with spices, herbs and chemicals so that they became mummies rather than decomposing. The corpses were then placed in cotton cloth wrappings and put inside of a wooden case that was put inside of another case that was decorated with details of their life and a mask of their face. This was then placed in a coffin that was put in a sarcophagus. The largest and oldest monuments are the pyramids that served as tombs for their kings. However, the bodies of poor people were treated less elaborately, but on the other hand cats, sacred animals, were mummified. The powder of mummies was sold in the Middle Ages by apothecaries. Mummies were also produced in Incan cultures in South America and Aztec cultures in Mexico.

NATIVE AMERICAN burial shrouds

The Mysterious ANASAZI

The high desert of the Colorado Plateau, a region characterized by high mesas and deep canyons with springs & streams (that are often dry except for spring runoff and storms), has been home to native Americans for thousands of years. For most of history, the region was occupied by archaic foragers. Then around two thousand years ago horticulture (in the form of maize & squash) & villages of pit houses began to appear in the Four Corners area of Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, & Colorado, signaling the beginning of the Anasazi tradition. Because the people of this time did not use or make pottery but relied on an extensive inventory of baskets they are called "Basket Maker."

Traditionally Anasazi history is divided into two large periods,: "Basket Maker" & "Pueblo." The former develops out of an archaic base, adding to the archaic peoples cultural inventory a wide variety of new elements including agriculture, permanent houses, careful burial, and long-term living in one spot.

Basket Maker II - A.D. 1 to 500 has much more elaborate basketry techniques & forms beautiful flexible bags woven of vegetable fibers - used for a multitude of purposes including as Burial Shrouds.